Questions to Ask Your Family Dentist About Gum Disease

Periodontal disease, or gum disease, is very common among adults. When seeking treatment for periodontal disease in Alpharetta, you should know what questions to ask your family dentist. Continue reading to learn more about frequently asked questions about gum disease. gum disease in alpharetta, ga

What is Gingivitis?

Gingivitis is the inflammation of the gums caused by bacterial growth in the mouth. It is the earliest stage of gum disease. Swollen, red gums are caused by gingivitis and can make the gums bleed easily. Regular brushing and flossing paired with regular dental cleanings usually treats gingivitis. Generally, it is treatable and does not cause permanent damage. However, when left untreated, gingivitis can lead to gum disease.

What is Gum Disease?

Gum disease is an infection of the gums caused by untreated bacteria in the mouth. The tissue in your gums and bones pulls away from the tooth, creating tooth decay and pockets. Bacteria and debris can collect in these pockets, which leads to infection. As the disease progresses, the teeth become loose and eventually it can lead to tooth loss.

What Causes Gum Disease?

The leading cause of gum disease is excess plaque build-up. Gum disease can also be caused by subpar oral hygiene practices. Regular visits to your family dentistry office every 6 months and daily brushing and flossing can help you avoid gum disease. Some illnesses and conditions may cause your gums to become more sensitive, leading to gum disease if not treated. Smoking cigarettes can also make you more susceptible to gum disease as smoking can cause your gum tissue to lose its ability to repair itself.

What are the Symptoms?

In the early stages of gum disease, most people do not experience symptoms. If you do experience any of the following, you should notify your family dentistry office as soon as possible: bad breath, sensitivity in the teeth or gums, pain in the teeth or gums, or bleeding gums.

How is it Treated?

The severity of gum disease will determine treatment options. In many cases, treatment includes deeper cleaning or medication. In some cases, surgery, grafts, or tooth removal may be necessary.

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